The Kimberley Process and Conflict Diamonds
The kimberley process has been criticized for its institutional failures, as well as for its dependence on a UN definition of conflict diamonds and on a chain of countries. This paper looks at some of the issues with the Kimberley Process, as well as the challenges it faces in controlling smuggled diamonds.
Institutional failures of the Kimberley Process
In New Delhi, a Kimberley Process Plenary saw 82 participating states losing themselves in long, excruciating discussions and agreeing on petty issues. As a result, the Kimberley Process’s legitimacy has been questioned. But the process’ success demonstrates the power of civil society and industry to influence change.
But the Kimberley Process must be able to show it is able to make necessary reforms and regain its credibility. Even if it doesn’t achieve this, it must at least show its ability to make reforms, and it should do so quickly. However, the United States may not be able to restore the sparkle in the Kimberley Process.
The Kimberley Process’s implementation has faced institutional and technical shortcomings. For example, it lacks a strong independent oversight body to oversee the process. The Kimberley Process also relies too heavily on participating governments to make decisions. Furthermore, it has failed to develop an effective policy for problematic diamond-producing states. And most participating governments have shown little interest in reform.
Its reliance on a UN definition of conflict diamonds
The Kimberley Process is an international diamond certification scheme and U.N. sanctions against the trafficking of conflict diamonds. Diamonds are a major source of revenue for many countries, and the Kimberley Process is designed to help prevent the sale of conflict diamonds. The diamond trade is valued at $13.7 billion, or one-third of the U.N.’s gross domestic product, and the money made from selling diamonds is worth $13.7 billion in jewelry sales. However, conflict diamonds can be used to fund terrorism, insurrection, and other activities that threaten the legitimacy of legitimate governments.
President Bush said he was confident that the Kimberley Process would help to implement the resolutions of the UN Security Council. The illegal diamond trade feeds conflict and must be tackled with equal resolve. He urged the world to implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme in its entirety. This scheme should be backed by national legislation.
Its reliance on a chain of countries
The Kimberley Process is a form of international trade agreement. However, it is still not perfect. The countries involved in the agreement must agree on how to implement it and compile statistics about their activities. As of now, there is no standard way to compile statistics and it is unclear who will compile these statistics. There are also no agreed upon timeframes for the compilation and analysis of these statistics.
Although some analysts have questioned the Kimberley Process’s effectiveness, advocates have said that it has made a difference in the trade in diamonds. A South African researcher, Hans Merket, works for an organization that is part of the Kimberley Process’s civil society membership. However, he has expressed optimism in the process’s potential, and his organization’s chairman, Abbey Chikane, has said that the Kimberley Process is necessary for the protection of diamonds and other precious gems.
There are 59 participating countries in the Kimberley Process, which represent 99% of the world’s rough diamond trade. The EU is the only nation that has not ratified the scheme. The Kimberley Process meetings take place twice a year and the governing body depends on the commitment of all countries.
Its ability to control smuggled diamonds
The Kimberley Process is an international agreement on diamond trade control. Diamonds must be sourced responsibly and be accompanied by a certificate that proves their origin. The Kimberley Process was developed by the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, a consensus-negotiated text. This scheme helps to prevent smuggling of diamonds by establishing a legal system for certifying diamonds.
This international agreement was the result of a meeting in Kimberley, South Africa, in 2000, in which major diamond producers and buyers discussed how to curb the trade in man made diamonds UK. The participants were concerned that the sale of rough diamonds was financing civil wars and a consumer boycott threatened to hurt the diamond industry. This discussion resulted in a Kimberley Process scheme that was ratified by 52 governments in 2003. This scheme has since established a system of diamond passports, issued by the country of origin.
The Kimberley Process has made some progress in addressing smuggling of diamonds, but more work is needed. It has implemented bans in some instances, including the Central African Republic, which has been in a genocidal war since 2013. It is estimated that 140,000 carats of diamonds have been illegally smuggled out of CAR since May 2013, according to the Enough Project, a nonprofit organization dedicated to ending resource-based violence in Africa.